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Tension Type Headache

Tension tуре hеаdасhе is the mоѕt соmmоn type of hеаdасhе аnd іѕ оftеn соnѕіdеrеd a nоrmаl headache. Usually, the patient feels pain continuously on both sides of the head and may also be accompanied by symptoms such as - pressure behind the eyes - tense neck muscles. The headache can last for 30 minutes to several days and can appear periodically or every day. If the pain is experienced every day for more than 15 days a month, then this headache is categorized as a chronic type. However, generally, this disease does not prevent the sufferer from doing normal activities and can be treated with drugs without a prescription.

Prevention
Prevention that can be done to avoid the incidence of chronic tension headaches includes:
  1. Improving a healthier lifestyle, for example exercising regularly, maintaining ideal body weight, getting enough rest, drinking lots of drinking, and avoiding consuming alcoholic beverages.
  2. Avoiding the factors that trigger headaches, especially stress.
  3. Doing relaxation, such as yoga, meditation, and massage.
  4. Compressing the forehead and neck.
If you need to treat a more severe headache, your doctor may suggest taking antidepressant medication to prevent continuing tension headaches. The effects of this medication do not work immediately and must be taken daily for several months until effectiveness is felt.

Symptoms
Symptoms that often appear include:
  1. Cоntіnuоuѕ pain оn bоth sides of thе head.
  2. Feel the pressure behind the eyes.
  3. Tense neck muscles.
  4. Photophobia.
  5. Insomnia.
  6. It's hard to concentrate.
There are several symptoms of headaches that can be taken seriously and require a consultation to avoid a more serious complication, including:
  1. Comes suddenly with high severity.
  2. Accompanied by nausea and vomiting, neck stiffness, fever, and confusion.
  3. Accompanied by weakness, slurred speech, and numbness.
  4. Arises after an impact to the head.
Cause
The most common cause is a contraction between the neck and the muscles in the head, although there is not much evidence to confirm whether the real cause is due to muscle contraction or not. The trigger factors that are thought to increase a person's risk for experiencing these headaches include:
  1. Stress.
  2. Gender.
  3. Women experience tension headaches more often.
  4. Age. People aged 40 years and over have a higher tendency to experience these headaches.
  5. Dehydration.
  6. Starving.
  7. Fatigue.
  8. The sun is hot.
  9. Noise.
  10. Certain scent.
  11. Lack of exercise.
  12. Drug excess.
Diagnosis
Generally, consultations are needed if you experience severe tension headaches or more than a few times a week. Then, the doctor will propose an examination regarding the headaches experienced, family medical history, and lifestyle of the sufferer. Head CT or MRI scans are needed only when the headache pattern changes and cannot be categorized as a normal headache (not cluster, migraine, or tension headaches).

Handling
There are many different treatments available to treat headaches including pain relievers and a combination of drugs. Patients should be advised to prevent repeated over-the-counter pain relievers as this can lead to overuse of the drug. Medicines commonly used include - Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Paracetamol, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen, Ketorolac, Indometachin).