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In the larynx, there are vocal cords, which are 2 folds of the mucous membrane that line muscles and cartilage. Nоrmаllу, thе vосаl соrdѕ wіll ореn аnd сlоѕе ѕmооthlу fоrmіng sound thrоugh mоvеmеnt аnd vіbrаtіоn. However, the vocal cords can become inflamed or irritated and then swell. This condition is known as laryngitis.

Swelling of the vocal cords when experiencing laryngitis causes voice distortion, which results from air passing through the vocal cords. As a result, the voice becomes hoarse and can even disappear if the laryngitis is severe enough. Laryngitis can occur acutely or chronically. In general, laryngitis is caused by excessive voice use or infection. And, a complication that can occur from laryngitis is that the infection can spread to the lower respiratory tract.

What needs to be done to prevent dry or irritated vocal cords is:
  1. Not smoking or not being around people who smoke. The reason is, the smoke produced can dry out the throat and irritate the vocal cords.
  2. Limit consumption of alcohol and caffeine. Both will cause you to lose the amount of fluid in the body.
  3. Drink lots of water. Water can clear mucus in the throat.
  4. Consume fruits and vegetables, especially those containing vitamins A, E, and C.
  5. Avoid clearing your throat. Some experts argue that therapy to clear mucus in the throat will actually cause abnormal vibrations of the vocal cords and then increase swelling.
  6. Prevent Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (URI) problems by washing your hands regularly and avoiding contact with people who are suffering from URI.
Hoarseness that occurs for a long time can sometimes signal a serious medical condition, one of which is laryngitis. Other symptoms to watch out for as an indication of laryngitis is:
  1. Sound is weak or lost.
  2. Sore throat.
  3. Dry throat.
  4. Dry cough
In acute laryngitis, most cases are caused by a viral infection or excessive, less serious voice usage. Bacterial infections, such as diphtheria, can also cause this problem. If caused by a virus, symptoms can last several weeks.

Meanwhile, laryngitis that can last more than 3 weeks is known as chronic laryngitis. This type of condition results in injury from overuse of the vocal cords, as well as growing nodules or polyps on the vocal cords. These injuries are caused by:
  1. Exposure to smoke and allergens.
  2. Gastric acid reflux that rises to the larynx
  3. Chronic sinusitis.
  4. Excessive alcohol consumption.
  5. Continuous use of excessive voice
  6. Smoke.
Most cases of laryngitis are temporary and resolve quickly. To diagnose laryngitis, the doctor will check the symptoms and complaints experienced by the patient, one of which is a hoarse voice. Then a physical examination will be carried out, in the form of an examination of the voice and vocal cords. After that, it will be followed by a laryngoscopy examination to check the condition of the vocal cords.

Consuming lots of water and resting the vocal cords until they are completely healed, are the initial treatments that can be done by patients. However, if you have chronic laryngitis, it must be treated according to the cause. Drugs that will generally be prescribed by doctors are antibiotics to eliminate bacterial infections and corticosteroids to reduce irritation of the vocal cords. You should also use a humidifier in the room of the house to keep the air moist.