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Gastritis

Gastritis is a condition when the lining of the stomach becomes irritated, inflamed or eroded. Ulcers can appear suddenly (acute gastritis), or last for a long time (chronic gastritis). Gastritis is also often known as ulcer disease. This disease is harmless and can be cured with certain medications. However, in some cases, gastritis can cause ulcers and increase the risk of stomach cancer.

This condition is quite common. However, it is usually found by people who are addicted to alcohol or take long-term painkillers. The risk of this disease can be reduced by preventing risk factors.

Prevention
There are several risk factors that increase a person's chances of developing gastritis, namely:
  1. Often take painkillers
  2. Elderly
  3. Stress
  4. Excessive alcohol consumption
  5. Other diseases caused by infection: HIV / AIDS, Crohn's, and other bacterial infections.
If you are prone to gastritis symptoms, try dividing your meals. For example, if you previously liked to eat large portions of each meal schedule, change the portions too small portions so that your meal schedule becomes more frequent than usual. Also, avoid greasy, sour, or spicy foods.

If you are someone who actively drinks alcohol, then reduce this habit because alcohol can also cause gastritis symptoms. Also, take control of your stress.

If the symptoms of gastritis often recur after you use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers (NSAIDs), consult your doctor. In this case, the doctor will usually replace the NSAID with another class of pain relievers such as paracetamol.

Symptoms
Some of the symptoms of gastritis include:
  1. Gnawing pain and heat in the stomach
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Feel full quickly when eating
  4. Bloated
  5. Hiccup
  6. Nausea
  7. Throw up
  8. Stomach ache
  9. Gastrointestinal disorders
  10. A chapter with black stool
  11. Vomiting blood
See a doctor if gastritis symptoms always feel after you take certain drugs, you have heartburn symptoms for more than a week, you have bowel movements with a dark black texture of stools, and vomit blood.

Cause
Gastritis is caused by several things:
  1. Bacterial infections, such as Helicobacter pylori, Viral infections: rotavirus, fungal infections: Candida, Histoplasma
  2. Drugs
  3. Autoimmune disease (such as severe anemia)
  4. Reflux of bile into the stomach
  5. Cocaine abuse
  6. Stress
Complications from gastritis can occur if the condition is not treated. Some of them are:
  1. Gastric ulcer
  2. Bleeding in the stomach
  3. Gastric cancer
Diagnosis
A number of things will be done by doctors in diagnosing gastritis, starting from asking about symptoms, reviewing personal and family medical history, performing a physical examination, to carrying out further examinations. Some examples of these follow-up examinations include:
  1. Breath test for the presence of H. pylori bacteria.
  2. Endoscopy to look for signs of inflammation in the stomach. This examination is sometimes combined with a biopsy (taking a tissue sample from an area that is suspected of having inflammation for further examination in the laboratory). A doctor can also use a biopsy method to see the presence of H. pylori bacteria.
  3. X-ray examination and barium fluid to look for ulcers in the stomach.
  4. Stool examination to see if there is bleeding and infection in the stomach.
  5. Check the blood cell levels to see if the patient has anemia.
Handling
Gastritis symptoms can subside if handled properly. There are several drugs that are usually prescribed by doctors, including:

Histamine 2 blocking (H2 blockers). Thіѕ drug is аblе tо rеlіеvе symptoms of gаѕtrіtіѕ bу rеduсіng thе production оf асіd in thе stomach. One example of a histamine 2 inhibitor is ranitidine.

Proton pump inhibitor (PPI). These drugs have the same performance as histamine 2 blockers but are more effective. One example of a proton pump inhibitor is omeprazole.

Antacid. This medicine is able to relieve the symptoms of gastritis (especially pain) quickly by neutralizing stomach acid.

Antibiotic. This medication is prescribed for people with gastritis whose condition is known to be caused by a bacterial infection. Examples of antibiotic drugs are amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole.