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Dehydration

Every day, water and other fluids in the body will be lost through breath, sweat, urine, and feces. When the body loses more fluids, especially water, than you drink, it will become dehydrated and unable to carry out its normal functions. Dehydration should not be underestimated, because if the condition is severe it can lead to death. Anyone can become dehydrated. However, this condition is riskier in children and people who are elderly.

Prevention
The best course of action for dehydration is prevention. Anticipate dehydration by:
  1. Drink more water during sweating activities. Hot weather can also increase the amount of fluid that comes out, so always carry drinking water with you wherever you go.
  2. Avoid exercising or doing activities when the weather is hot.
  3. Always remind older people or children to drink water. If necessary, accompany them when they drink water so that you are more sure they are getting enough fluid intake.
  4. Avoid consuming alcohol, especially when the temperature is high. Alcohol can decrease the supply of fluids in the body and reduce your ability to recognize the symptoms of dehydration.
  5. Wear bright, loose colored clothes when it's hot. Also, bring a small fan to cool off.
  6. It's best not to stay out in the sun for too long.
Symptoms
There is a range of symptoms of dehydration, from mild to severe, namely:
  1. Feeling extreme thirst.
  2. The mouth feels dry and the tongue swells.
  3. Fatigue.
  4. Dizzy.
  5. Heartbeat.
  6. Confusion.
  7. Limp.
  8. Fainting
  9. Can't sweat.
  10. Urinating less frequently.
  11. Dark urine.
While the symptoms of dehydration that can be seen in children are:
  1. Dry mouth and tongue.
  2. No tears when crying.
  3. The diaper is not wet for 3 hours.
  4. Sunken eyes and cheeks.
  5. Sluggish or cranky.
Cause
The most common causes of dehydration in children are severe diarrhea and vomiting. Older people naturally have a lower volume of water in their bodies and may take certain medications that increase the risk of dehydration. Evеn minor іllnеѕѕеѕ, ѕuсh as infections thаt аffесt thе lungѕ оr bladder, саn lеаd tо dehydration іn оldеr реорlе. Dehydration also occurs in all age groups if you don't drink enough water during hot weather, especially before, during, and after vigorous exercise.

Diagnosis
The doctor will perform a history, physical examination, and a series of simple tests. First, the doctor will check your temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing for potential symptoms of dehydration and other ailments. Then, a blood test and urine analysis test will be carried out, starting from the level of color and clarity, the density of urine, and whether there are ketones (carbon compounds that indicate dehydration), to evaluate the degree of dehydration experienced and the cause of dehydration.

Handling
Thе оnlу еffесtіvе treatment fоr dеhуdrаtіоn іѕ to rерlасе lоѕt fluids аnd electrolytes. The best approach to treating dehydration depends on your age, the severity of your dehydration, and the cause.

You can usually restore mild to moderate dehydration by consuming more fluids. However, severe dehydration requires immediate medical care, especially for children and the elderly. The patient will also be given salt and fluids through a vein (intravenously) so that the body can absorb them quickly and speed up recovery.