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Common Cold

The common cold is an infectious condition that attacks the upper respiratory tract including the nose, sinus passages, and throat. Colds are usually caused by viruses. There are 200 types of vіruѕеѕ that can cause colds. but most colds are caused by Human rhinovirus (HRV). The common cold is an infectious condition that is classified as mild and can heal by itself (self-limiting disease). However, the accompanying symptoms can usually seriously interfere with daily activities.

Colds can be prevented by maintaining the immune system so that the virus does not easily enter and cause infection. Endurance can be increased by getting enough rest, eating foods that contain vitamins and minerals, and regular exercise. Other measures that can prevent colds include diligently washing your hands before and after eating, or after touching objects in public places that are susceptible to the virus. Wearing a mask when traveling to public places during the cold season can also help us avoid colds.

Some оf the signs and ѕуmрtоmѕ of a cold include:
  1. The nose keeps running
  2. Often sneeze
  3. Often coughs
  4. Breathing is not smooth
  5. Hoarseness
  6. Headache
  7. Fever
  8. Reduced power of smell and taste
  9. Itchy throat
  10. Watery eyes
  11. Ear pain
  12. Muscle ache
  13. The body feels tired
  14. Loss of appetite
Colds are usually caused by viruses. There are 200 types of vіruѕеѕ that can cause colds. However, most of the causes of colds are Human rhinovirus (HRV). Other types of viruses such as coronavirus, adenovirus, human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can also cause colds. This virus is very easily spread around us, for example from cold sufferers who sneeze and spread fluids containing viruses into the air. Cutlery and other objects can also be a place for the virus to stick, and if you touch the mouth and nose area without washing your hands, the virus will enter and cause infection, especially when the immune system is not optimal.

Colds can be diagnosed from the symptoms that arise such as:
  1. Runny nose (runny nose).
  2. Sneeze.
  3. Cough.
  4. Breathing is not smooth (nasal congestion).
  5. Unwell.
  6. Headache.
  7. Fever.
  8. Itchy throat.
  9. Watery eyes
  10. Ear pain
  11. Muscle ache
  12. The body feels tired
  13. Loss of appetite
If within 1-2 weeks the symptoms do not improve, it is necessary to do a more complete examination by a doctor to find out other causes of respiratory tract disorders.

To relieve colds, there are several ways you can do, including:
  1. Taking zinc and vitamin C supplements, which will help increase endurance and reduce the severity of cold symptoms.
  2. Dropping a saline solution, to reduce symptoms of nasal congestion and itching in the nose that causes sneezing.
  3. Consume menthol candy and gargle with salt water to reduce discomfort in the throat.
  4. Take OTC (over the counter) drugs, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, to reduce fever, headache, or decongestants to relieve symptoms of nasal congestion.
If in this way the symptoms have not improved, consult a doctor for further treatment.